Monday, 23 December 2013

Performance in First 50 Tests as Captain

Mahendra Singh Dhoni, in the Epic Draw vs South Africa at Johannesburg, was captaining for the 50th time in Tests for India. He became the first Indian to captain in 50 Tests overcoming Sourav Ganguly's 49 Tests as captain. He became only the 2nd Asian after Arjuna Ranatunga (56 Tests) to achieve this feat and 14th captain overall.

MS Dhoni in his first 50 Tests as captain lead India to 26 Victories, 12 Draws and 12 Defeats. Out of his 26 wins, 8 came against Australia, 5 against West Indies and 4 against New Zealand. He has captained against all nations except Pakistan and Zimbabwe as India haven't played them since he became Captain in 2008.

MSD became the first Indian and second Asian to captain in 50 Test Matches

Below is the break up of India's performance under MS Dhoni's Captaincy. 

Opposition
Matches
Wins
Lost
Drawn
Win %
Australia
11
8
3
0
72.72
Bangladesh
1
1
0
0
100.00
England
10
2
6
2
20.00
New Zealand
7
4
0
3
57.14
South Africa
7
3
2
2
42.85
Sri Lanka
6
3
1
2
50.00
West Indies
8
5
0
3
62.50
Total
50
26
12
12
52.00

Home vs Away 

Venue
Matches
Won
Lost
Drawn
Win %
Home
30
21
3
6
70.00
Away
20
5
9
6
25.00
Total
50
26
12
12
52.00


Performance of Captains in their first 50 Tests as Captain

The first player to captain in 50 Tests was Clive Lloyd when he captained led West Indies against India at Sabina Park in on 23rd February 1983. Allan Border and Vivian Richards were the next two to follow.After which 11 other players captained in 50 or more Tests while Graeme Smith became the first to captain in 100 Test Matches in 2013. In all, MS Dhoni is the latest and 14th to reach the landmark. 

The Legendary Australian Captains and Batsmen, Waugh and Ponting, lead others by a fair distance by winning 37 and 35 tests respectively in their first 50 Tests as Captain. Richards (27), Taylor (26),Vaughan (26), Dhoni (26) and Cronje (25) are the other captains to win 25 or more tests in their first 50 Tests as Captain.
Ponting and Waugh had the best success rate in their first 50 Tests as Captain


Arajuna Ranatunga had won the least number of matches (9) in his first 50 Tests as Captain. He is followed by Allan Border (13) and Mike Atherton (13). Allan Border and Arajuna Ranatunga had most number of Draws in their first 50 Tests as Captain - 24 each. 

Australia had drawn only 5 Tests under Steve Waugh in his first 50 Tests as Captain while under Ricky Ponting they drew 9 Tests. Ponting lost least number of Matches in his first 50 Tests as captain (6) followed by Richards and Waugh - 8 each. 

Below is the table containing the Win/Loss/Draw analysis of all those 14 captains. 

Captain
Team
Span
Won
Lost
Drawn
Win %
Steve Waugh
Aus
1999-2003
37
8
5
74
Ricky Ponting
Aus
2004-2008
35
6
9
70
Viv Richards
WI
1984-1991
27
8
15
54
Mark Taylor
Aus
1994-1999
26
13
11
52
Michael Vaughan
Eng
2003-2008
26
10
14
52
MS Dhoni
Ind
2008-2013
26
12
12
52
Hansie Cronje
SA
1994-2000
25
10
15
50
Andrew Strauss
Eng
2006-2012
24
11
15
48
Graeme Smith
SA
2003-2007
22
13
15
44
Clive Lloyd
WI
1974-1983
21
11
18
42
Stephen Fleming
NZ
1997-2003
19
15
16
38
Allan Border
Aus
1978-1990
13
13
24
26
Mike Atherton
Eng
1989-1998
13
18
19
26
Arjuna Ranatunga
SL
1989-1998
9
17
24
18


Other Captains who won 20 or more Tests despite captaining in less than 50 Tests in their career. 
Greg Chappell - 21 in 48 Tests
Sourav Ganguly - 21 in 49 Tests
Peter May - 20 in 41 Tests

Performance at Home in their first 50 Tests as Captain 

Among all the 14 Captains Andrew Strauss (31) and MS Dhoni (30) played 30 or more of their first 50 Tests as Captain at Home and won 19 and 21 respectively. Leaving off the number of matches played the highest win % was Ponting's 84.61% as he won 22 of his 26 Tests at Home. He is followed by his previous captain Steve Waugh who won 81.81% of the home matches. Both Aussie Captains lost one and drew three while winning 22 and 18 respectively. 

Strauss captained 31 of his 50 Tests as Captain at Home - Most by any captain


MS Dhoni won 70% of the Tests i.e 21 out of 30 at Home. Mark Taylor (62.96) and Richards (62.50) follow him.

Most wins at Home were Ponting's 22, Dhoni's 21, Strauss 19 and goes on. Arajuna Ranatunga won only 6 of the 23 Tests at Home losing 5 and drawing 12. 

Most Draws were Border's 13 followed by Ranatunga (12). 

Ranatunga (26.08), Border (27.58) and Atherton (30.76) are the only captains to win less than 50% of their home matches as captain in first 50 Tests as captain. 

Clive Lloyd captained only 16 Tests at home in his first 50 Tests. Still his win % is 56.25 as he won 9, losing 2 and drawing 5.

Below is the table containing the Win/Loss/Draw analysis of all those 14 captains at Home.

Player
Team
Span
Mat
Won
Lost
Drawn
Win %
Ricky Ponting
Aus
2004-2008
26
22
1
3
84.61
Steve Waugh
Aus
1999-2003
22
18
1
3
81.81
MS Dhoni
Ind
2008-2013
30
21
3
6
70.00
Mark Taylor
Aus
1994-1999
27
17
5
5
62.96
Viv Richards
WI
1984-1991
24
15
2
7
62.50
Hansie Cronje
SA
1994-2000
29
18
4
7
62.06
Andrew Strauss
Eng
2006-2012
31
19
4
8
61.29
Michael Vaughan
Eng
2003-2008
28
17
5
6
60.71
Graeme Smith
SA
2003-2007
24
14
4
6
58.33
Stephen Fleming
NZ
1997-2003
23
13
6
4
56.52
Clive Lloyd
WI
1974-1983
16
9
2
5
56.25
Mike Atherton
Eng
1989-1998
26
8
9
9
30.76
Allan Border
Aus
1978-1990
29
8
8
13
27.58
Arjuna Ranatunga
SL
1989-1998
23
6
5
12
26.08


Performance Away from Home in their first 50 Tests as Captain 

Only two captains could manage to win more than 50% of their away matches in their first 50 Tests as captain - S Waugh (67.85) and Ponting (54.16). Clive Lloyd captained most number of away tests (34) out of his first 50 Tests as captain. 

Arajuna Ranatunga could win only 11.11 % of away matches as he won only 3 out of his 21 tests with 12 lost and equally drawn. Mike Atherton (20.83), Fleming (22.22) and Border (23.80) had less than 25% of wins away. 

Clive Lloyd captained 34 of his first 50 Tests as Captain outside West Indies 


Most wins - 19 S Waugh, 13 Ponting, 12 Richards and Lloyd. 

Most loses - 12 Ranatunga, 9 Fleming, Atherton, Dhoni and Lloyd. 

Most Draws - 13 Lloyd, 12 Ranatunga and Fleming. 

Player
Team
Span
Mat
Won
Lost
Drawn
Win %
Steve Waugh
Aus
1999-2003
28
19
7
2
67.85
Ricky Ponting
Aus
2004-2008
24
13
5
6
54.16
Viv Richards
WI
1984-1991
26
12
6
8
46.15
Michael Vaughan
Eng
2003-2008
22
9
5
8
40.90
Mark Taylor
Aus
1994-1999
23
9
8
6
39.13
Clive Lloyd
WI
1974-1983
34
12
9
13
35.29
Hansie Cronje
SA
1994-2000
21
7
6
8
33.33
Graeme Smith
SA
2003-2007
26
8
9
9
30.76
Andrew Strauss
Eng
2006-2012
19
5
7
7
26.31
MS Dhoni
Ind
2008-2013
20
5
9
6
25.00
Allan Border
Aus
1978-1990
21
5
5
11
23.80
Stephen Fleming
NZ
1997-2003
27
6
9
12
22.22
Mike Atherton
Eng
1989-1998
24
5
9
10
20.83
Arjuna Ranatunga
SL
1989-1998
27
3
12
12
11.11

Mike Atherton is the only captain to lose both his first test and 50th test as captain. Ponting, Waugh, Lloyd and Smith won both their first and 50th tests as captain.